Diabetic nephropathy Miniatlas

Diabetes represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for it leads to renal damage, and diabetic nephropathy is one of the major causes of chronic renal failure. As it happens in other microvascular complications, the pathogenesis of this renal disorder is related with chronic hyperglycemia.

Initially, diabetic nephropathy is manifested with microalbuminuria. Later on, renal function is progressively impaired until it reaches its terminal stage. In parallel with the progressive renal involvement, hypertension develops.

Treatment includes not only glycemic control but also management of hypertension and dyslipidemia, changes in the diet with dietary protein restriction and administration of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers. Patients with end-stage renal disease are usually candidates for dialysis and renal transplantation. Therefore, strict glycemic control, early diagnosis of kidney disease and adequate treatment and follow-up are crucial measures.

This volume contains the following material:

Table of contents

Kidney anatomy and physiology

  • The urinary system: the kidneys
  • The nephron
  • Renal functions
  • Urine formation


  • Diabetes: concept and epidemiology
  • Types of diabetes
  • Diagnosis and screening
  • Management and follow-up of diabetic patients
  • Chronic complications of diabetes

Diabetes and kidney

  • Diabetic nephropathy: introduction
  • Epidemiology of diabetic nephropathy
  • Pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy
  • Histopathological changes in diabetic nephropathy
  • Stages of diabetic nephropathy
  • Clinical manifestations of diabetic nephropathy
  • Screening of diabetic nephropathy
  • Diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy
  • Prognosis of diabetic nephropathy
  • Management of diabetic nephropathy
  • Treatment: glycemic control
  • Treatment of proteinuria
  • Treatment: blood pressure control
  • Treatment: control of dyslipidemia
  • Treatment: dietary control
  • Management of end-stage renal disease

The Diabetic nephropathy miniatlas is part of an extensive collection of illustrated medical atlases (Miniatlas Collection) covering generic specialties to specific diseases, created to facilitate doctor-patient communication.

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