Hematology and anemia Miniatlas

The blood is a complex tissue with special characteristics since it is in constant movement, i.e. it flows through the body while it performs critical functions to human survival. Another particular feature is that it is in constant formation and turnover since its formed elements have a finite lifetime and require continuous replacement for the blood to be able to perform its functions for life.

Therefore, hematology –a science in charge of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders and the organs that play a role in blood formation and destruction– is a complex medical specialty.

In the past few years there have been significant advances in cellular and molecular biology, which made a substantial contribution to the study of hematology. These advances include the identification of previously unknown pathogenic events, the reclassification of diseases and the development of new drugs, all of them with a view to improving the health of patients with blood disorders.

The Hematology and anemia Miniatlas is part of an extensive collection of illustrated medical atlases (Miniatlas Collection) covering generic specialties to specific diseases, created to facilitate doctor-patient communication.

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This volume contains the following material:

Table of contents

Blood biology

  • The blood
  • Blood components
  • White blood cells
  • Polymorphonuclear neutrophils
  • Lymphocytes
  • Monocytes
  • Eosinophils
  • Basophils
  • Red blood cells
  • Platelets


  • The hemopoietic process
  • Fetal hemopoiesis
  • Formation of the myeloid cell line
  • Erythropoiesis
  • Regulation of erythropoiesis
  • Megakaryocytopoiesis
  • Myelopoiesis
  • Formation of the lymphoid line
  • Differentiation of the T lymphocytes
  • Differentiation of the B lymphocytes


  • The anemias
  • Iron in the body
  • Erythropoietin
  • Tissue oxygenation
  • Hematosis
  • Mechanisms of adaptation to anemia
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia
  • Health consequences of iron-deficiency I
  • Health consequences of iron-deficiency II
  • Signs and symptoms of anemia
  • Hypoproliferative anemias
  • Anemia of chronic disease
  • Anemias due to hemoglobinopathies
  • The thalassemias
  • Megaloblastic anemia
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Anemias due to acute blood loss
  • Aplastic anemia

Diseases that affect the erythrocytes

  • Polycythemia
  • Primary myelofibrosis

Myeloproliferative disorders

  • Myeloid leukemia
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • Classification of AML
  • Hematological and clinical findings in AML
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and related disorders
  • Classification of chronic myeloproliferative disorders
  • Hematological findings and major characteristics of CML
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes
  • Classification of MDS
  • Hematological findings and special characteristics of MDS

Malignant lymphoproliferative disorders

  • Classification of lymphoid neoplasms
  • Precursor B- and T-cell neoplasms
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Neoplasms affecting mature B cells
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL)
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Neoplasms involving T cells and NK cells
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Subtypes of Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Hematologic diagnosis

  • Basis of diagnosis in hematology
  • Peripheral blood smear as a method to study blood cells
  • Flow cytometry in hematologic diagnosis
  • Staining procedures used in the diagnosis of blood disorders
  • Diagnosis of the disease
  • Special techniques for the diagnosis of blood disorders