ec-europe has created this Diabetes Foldout Brochure, to help train both patients and their families regarding diabetes, as well as to help doctors explain all the facts patients should know about this disease.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood, is caused by insulin deficiency following destruction of the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. T1DM is a disorder that disrupts the way your body uses sugar.
All the cells in your body need sugar to work normally. Sugar gets into cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. If there is little or no insulin, as it happens to people with T1DM, sugar builds up in the blood.
High blood sugar can cause serious problems over time. It can lead to nerve damage, kidney disease, vision problems (or even blindness), pain or loss of feeling in the hands and feet, the need to have fingers, toes, or other body parts removed (amputated) and heart disease and strokes.
It most commonly presents in childhood, but one-fourth of cases are diagnosed in adults. T1DM is the most common form of diabetes in childhood, accounting for approximately two-thirds of new diagnoses of diabetes in patients ≤19 years of age in the United States. The incidence of childhood T1DM is rising worldwide, with reported increases of 2 to 5 percent per year in Europe, the Middle East, and Australia.